Physics 566 Fall 2023

Quantum Optics

biphoton

University of New Mexico

Department of Physics and Astronomy

 
Instructor: Prof. Ivan H. Deutsch
Lectures: Tuesday, Thursday 12:30-1:45pm, PAIS Room 1140

Office Hours: TBD

 
Teaching Assistant:  Andrew Forbes

TA Office Hours: TBD

 


Quantum optics is a broad and varied subject that deals with the study, control, and manipulation of quantum coherence associated with electromagnetic fields. This includes the basic interaction of photons and matter and the nonclassical nature of the electromagnetic field itself.  Quantum optics is the natural arena for experimental tests of the foundations of quantum mechanics and measurement, especially in the context of open, nonequilibrium quantum systems. The theoretical and experimental tools of quantum optics have helped to ignite the "second quantum revolution" and the development of Quantum Information Science (QIS), with applications in quantum computation and communication.


This class is the first in a two-semester sequence.  Over the course of the year, topics to be studied include:


- Quantum and classical coherence
- Atom-photon coupling and atomic coherence
- The quantum electromagnetic vacuum
- Nonclassical light and photon statistics
- Quantum optical particles and waves (discrete and continuous variables)
- Foundations of entanglement and quantum maps
- Open quantum systems and decoherence
- Quantum trajectories and continuous measurement
- Fundamental paradigms in quantum optics (cavity QED, ion and neutral atom traps, entangled light)
- Applications in quantum information science (quantum communication, computation, metrology)

 

On this page:


 

map of quantum optics

 


 

General Information

 

"Recommended" Texts (none required):

* Atom-Photon interactions- Cohen-Tannoudji,

* Quantum Optics - Scully and Zubairy,

* The Quantum World of Ultra-Cold Atoms and Light: Book 1: Foundations of Quantum Optics - Gardiner and Zoller.

* Introduction to Quantum Optics - Grynberg Aspect, and Fabre,

* Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons - Haroche and Raimond.

We will not be following any of these texts directly . They all have strengths in different areas and are good to have on your bookshelf.

 

Other Standard  Texts:

* Quantum Properties or Radiation, R. Loudon

* Elements of Quantum Optics, by P. Meystre and M. Sargent

Quantum Optics by  Walls and Milburn

* Statistical Methods in Quantum Optics 1 and 2, by H. J. Carmichael

* Quantum Noise, by C. Gardiner (also Handbook of Stochastic Methods)

* Introductory Quantum Optics by C. Gerry and P. Knight

* Modern Foundations Of Quantum Optics by Vlatko Vedral

 

Additional Resources

* Photons and Atoms: Introduction to Quantum Electrodynamics, by Claude Cohen-Tannoudji et al.

* Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics, by L. Mandel and E. Wolf

* Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms , by Allen and J. H. Eberly

* Quantum Statistical Properties of Radiation, by W. H. Louisell


 

Grading:

* Problem Sets (10 assignments) 80%

* Final Project 20%

 

* Problem sets will be available on the web, about every week. Generally assignments will be due Thursday, 5:00pm, in the TA's maiilbox.

 

 


 

Syllabus

 

Phys. 566: Quantum Optics I

I. Quantum foundations

            A. Density matrix and coherence.

            B. Two level systems -- Qubits, Pauli algebra, Bloch-sphere, magnetic resonance.

            C. Quantum simple harmonic oscillator.

 

II. Optical resonance for two level atoms

            A. Atom-photon interaction in electric dipole approximation.

            B. Pseudo-spin formulation, Rabi flopping.

            C. Density matrix formulation.

            D. Phenomenological damping -- master equation and rate equations.

 

III. The electromagnetic vacuum

            A. Quantization of the electromagnetic field.

            B. Spontaneous emission and Wigner-Weisskopf theory.

            C. Jaynes-Cummings model -- Dressed states, Cavity QED.

 

VI. Three level quantum coherence

            A. Raman resonance.

            B. Dark states and EIT.



V. Quantum-Optical Coherence and Nonclassical Light

            A. Photon counting statistics and classical statistical optics

            B. Coherent states as quasi-classical states.

            C. Glauber's correlation functions.

            D. Bunching, antibunching, and photon statistics.

            E. Squeezed states of light.
   


 


Lectures
Lecture notes in pdf.   Podcasts for Lectures:  Microsoft Stream


 

 

 Aug. 22

Overview of Class.

Quantum and Classical Coherence

Lecture #1

Podcast #1

 

Aug. 24

Continuation

Podcast #2

 

Aug. 29

Coherence and the Density Matrix

Lecture #2

Podcast #3

Aug. 31

Qubits -- Paul algebra, Bloch-sphere, SU(2)


Lecture #3

Podcast #4

Sep. 5
Magnetic Resonance Lecture #4

Podcast #5
 
Sep. 7

 Rabi flopping


Podcast #6

Sep. 12

Two-level atoms

Podcast #7

Sep. 14


No Lecture


 

Sep. 19

Optical Bloch Equations

Phenomenological decay T1 and T2


Lecture #5

Podcast #8

Sep. 21

Two-level atom damped response

Lecture #6
Lecture #7

Podcast #9

 Sep. 26

Laser rate equations Lecture #8

Podcast #10


Sep. 28


Three-level atoms: Adiabatic elimination Raman

Podcast #11

Oct. 3

Dark States, Coherent Population Trapping, and EIT
Lecture #9

Podcast #12

 Oct. 5

Introduction to Quantum Field Theory 

Lecture #10

Podcast #13

 Oct. 10

Second Quantization
Podcast #14
 

Oct. 11
(Makeup)


Quantization of the electromagnetic field



Oct. 12


Fall Break


Oct. 17
Coherent states as quasiclassical states of the electromagnetic field 
Lecture #12

Podcast #16

 

Oct. 19

Phase space operators

Number-Phase Uncertainty

Podcast #17

` Oct. 24

Chaotic light and thermal states


Lecture #13

Podcast #18



Oct. 26


No lecture (SQuInT)



 

Oct. 31

Semiclassical Theory - Statistical Optics

Hanbury-Brown Twiss
Lecture #14

Podcast #19

 Nov. 2

Continuation
Podcast #20

Nov. 7 

Glauber theory nonclassical light
Glauber
Les Houches Lectures


Podcast #21


Nov. 8



Makeup



  Nov. 9


Continuation
Podcast #23

 

Nov. 14

Jaynes-Cummings Model


Lecture #15

Podcast #24

Nov. 16

Continuation

Podcast #25

Nov. 21 

Spontaneous Emission
Wigner-Wiesskopf  and the Markov approximation
Lecture #16

Podcast #26


Nov. 23


Thanksgiving




Nov. 28


Continuation



Podcast #27


Nov. 30



Spontaneous Emission: Radiation reaction vs. vacuum fluctuations





Dec. 5



Resonance Fluorescence

Coherent vs. Incoherent Photon scattering





Dec. 7


Resonance Fluorescence: Mollow Triplet

Photon Antibunching in Resonance Fluorescence



 


 

Problem Sets

Problem Set #1

Problem Set #6

Problem Set #2

Problem Set #7

Problem Set #3

Problem Set #8

Problem Set #4

Problem Set #9

Problem Set #5

Problem Set #10


 

Final Project